This medication is used primarily to prevent chest pain in people with certain heart conditions, such as coronary artery disease. Nitroglycerin, the active ingredient in Minitran patch, belongs to a class of drugs known as nitrates. Angina is what causes the chest pain, and it occurs when the heart muscle is not getting enough blood. This medication is put into effect by relaxing and widening the blood vessels so the blood may flow at a much easier pace and continue its way to the heart.
While this medication does help with angina, it will not however, relieve chest pain once it occurs. It is also not intended to be used before any physical activities, which include exercise and sexual intercourse. Other medications may be needed for these situations, consult your doctor before hand.
Remove the patch from its pouch and then peel of the protective clear liner. Usually, you will wear the patch on the upper arm or chest. Although you may wear it anywhere on the body below the neck and above the knees or elbows. Make sure to press it firmly to keep it in place.
Apply the patch to a clean, dry and hairless area. Avoid areas on the skin with niks and cuts. Do not apply the patch right after taking a shower or a bath, wait until your skin is completely dry. However, you may bath, shower or swim with the patch on. To reduce any skin irritations, make sure to apply the patch in a different spot each time.
Wash your hands after applying the patch.
Usually, you will use 1 patch a day and wear it for around 12 to 14 hours. Remember the dosage is based on your medical condition and your response to the treatment.
Before taking this medication, it is best to advise your doctor if you are allergic to Nitroglycerin; or to similar drugs (such as isosorbide mononitrate); or to nitrites; or to any other medications or allergies in general.
Before taking this medication, it is for the best to inform you doctor of you Medical history. Especially of; recent head injury, anemia, low blood pressure, loss of too much body water (dehydration), other heart problems (such as recent heart attack).
Some of these side effects may occur when taking this medication; they are as follows; Headache, dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea, and flushing may occur as your body adjusts to this medication. However if any of these effects persist or worsen, contact your doctor right away.
Headache is often a sign that this medication is working. Your doctor may recommend treating headaches with an over-the-counter pain reliever (such as acetaminophen, aspirin). If the headaches continue or become severe, tell your doctor promptly.
Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: fainting, fast/irregular/pounding heartbeat.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
What happens if I suddenly stop taking this medication?
There may be a relapse in symptoms as well as side effects. You should speak your doctor before stop taking this medication.
What is the best dosage to take?
The diagnosis with your doctor will be able to determine the best dosage for your treatment. Work with your doctor closely for dosage and dosing schedules.
What happens if I miss a dose?
You should take the missed dose as soon you realize you have forgotten. If the forgotten dose is closer to your next scheduled dose, take the next schedule dose to avoid overlapping in dose.
What is the best way to store this medication?
This medication is stored at room temperature, and should be kept away from children and pets. Do not throw away this medication in the wastebasket. If you are uncertain how to dispose of this medication speak with your pharmacist for help in safely disposing of this medication.