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What is Dilantin Infatabs (Phenytoin) prescribed for?
A seizure happens because of an abnormal amount of electrical activity in the brain. Sometimes it may go unnoticed. Other times in more severe cases if may cause unconsciousness and convulsions, when your body shakes uncontrollably. Seizures can happen suddenly, and they vary with how long and severe they can be.
Phenytoin, the active ingredient within Dilantin, is a medication used to prevent and control seizures. This medicationis also known as an anticonvulsant or an antiepileptic, and it works byreducing the spread of the seizure activity in the brain.
This medication is to be taken by mouth, 2 to 3 times a day, or as directed by your doctor. You may take this medication with food, in case an upset stomach occurs. It is best to take this medication with a full glass of water, unless told so otherwise by your doctor.
You must use this medication regularly to gain the most benefit from it. It is important to take all of the dosage given to you, on time, to keep the amount of medicine in your body at the same level.
Antacids and nutritional tube-feeding (enteral) products may decrease the absorption of phenytoin. Do not take these products at the same time as your phenytoin dose. Separate liquid nutritional products at least 1 hour before and 1 hour after your phenytoin dose, or as directed by your doctor.
Before taking this medication, inform your doctor if you are allergic to Phenytoin; or to other anti-seizure medications (such as carbamazepine, ethosuximide, ethotoin, fosphenytoin, oxcarbazepine, phenobarbital, primidone, trimethadione); or if you have any other allergies in general.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: alcohol use, certain blood conditions (porphyria), diabetes, liver disease (including liver disease caused by past phenytoin use), lupus, folate or vitamin B-12 deficiency (megaloblastic anemia).
Headache, nausea, vomiting, constipation, dizziness, feeling of spinning, drowsiness, trouble sleeping, or nervousness may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
There is some serious side effects to this medication, and if you are encountering any of them, notify your doctor right away. These side effects are listed below; slow heartbeat, unusual eye movements, loss of coordination, slurred speech, confusion, muscle twitching, double or blurred vision, tingling of the hands/feet, facial changes (e.g., swollen lips, butterfly-shaped rash around the nose/cheeks), excessive hair growth, increased thirst or urination, unusual tiredness, bone or joint pain, easily broken bones.
Get medical help right away if any of these rare but serious side effects occur: uncontrolled muscle movements, signs of liver problems (such as nausea/vomiting that doesn't stop, stomach/abdominal pain, yellowing eyes/skin, dark urine), easy bruising/bleeding.
Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: slow heartbeat, unusual eye movements, loss of coordination, slurred speech, confusion, muscle twitching, double or blurred vision, tingling of the hands/feet, facial changes (e.g., swollen lips, butterfly-shaped rash around the nose/cheeks), excessive hair growth, increased thirst or urination, unusual tiredness, bone or joint pain, easily broken bones.
A small number of people who take anticonvulsants for any condition (such as seizure, bipolar disorder, pain) may experience depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, or other mental/mood problems. Tell your doctor right away if you or your family/caregiver notice any unusual/sudden changes in your mood, thoughts, or behavior including signs of depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, thoughts about harming yourself.
What happens if I suddenly stop taking this medication?
There may be a relapse in symptoms as well as side effects. You should speak your doctor before stop taking this medication.
What is the best dosage to take?
The diagnosis with your doctor will be able to determine the best dosage for your treatment. Work with your doctor closely for dosage and dosing schedules.
What happens if I miss a dose?
You should take the missed dose as soon you realize you have forgotten. If the forgotten dose is closer to your next scheduled dose, take the next schedule dose to avoid overlapping in dose.
What is the best way to store this medication?
This medication is stored at room temperature, and should be kept away from children and pets. Do not throw away this medication in the wastebasket. If you are uncertain how to dispose of this medication speak with your pharmacist for help in safely disposing of this medication.
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